T1 Commissions Rules..T1A Amateur Radio, F.C.C., License Classes, Renewal F.C.C.
The Federal Communications Commission in Washington makes and enforces all the rules and regulations pertaining to amateur radio. They can grant or take away licenses or impose fines on amateurs if they are not following their rules.
An amateur station in definition is a station in the amateur service who is responsible for radio communications. Any licensed amateur who is responsible for the stations transmissions is called the control operator.For Example: If you allow your friend to use your radio equipment to talk, then you are responsible for his transmission because the station is yours.
Purpose of Amateur Radio
What is the purpose of amateur radio. Well, there are several purposes but I won’t bore you with them. For now all you need to know for the test is the following: To increase the number of trained radio operators and electronics experts, and improve international goodwill.
Amateur Radio License
In order to operate a station in the U.S., an F.C.C Amateur Primary License is required. This license is good for a period of ten years after which it must be renewed.
How Soon Can I Operate My Station?
As soon as the FCC’s computer database shows that you have been granted a license, you are authorized to operate your station if you wish.
The F.C.C. has broken the Amateur Radio Service into 3.5 license classes. You must start as a Technician class operator and climb the ladder.(You can’t skip. You must start out as a Technician and work your way up to the highest license class.) If you wish to gain more privileges than the ones you have, the F.C.C. requires that you pass an exam for you to gain the additional privileges of a higher class license.
1) Technician Class
Full privileges in the VHF and UHF amateur spectrum above 30 MHz.
Requires that you pass a 35 question exam.
1.5) Technician with Morse Code
Limited Morse Code and Voice Privileges in the HF spectrum.
Requires that you passed the previous exam with the addition of a 5wpm (words per minute) Morse Code Exam.
2) General Class
Limited Access to all the HF amateur bands with Morse Code, data and voice modes.
Requires that you have already passed the Technician and Morse Code requirements with the addition of the General Class 35 Question exam.
3) Amateur Extra
Full amateur radio privileges.
Requires that you have passed the General Class exams with the addition of the Extra Class 50 question exam.
Once you get your license it is good for ten years. After the ten years are up you must renew it again for another ten years. You have up two years to renew. During this 2 year period your license has expired and your amateur radio privileges will not exist. Once you renew your license you may operate your station as usual. The F.C.C recommends that you renew your license 90 days before your license expires. This way your privileges will not disappear after the expiration date.
1.) The F.C.C.(Federal Communications Commission) enforces all amateur radio rules and regulations.
2.) An amateur station is a station in the amateur service who is responsible for radio communications
3.) Any licensed amateur who is responsible for the stations transmissions is called the control operator
4.) There are 3.5 license class: Technician, Tech with Morse Code Endorsement, General, and Amateur Extra.
5.) Your amateur radio license is good for ten years after which you have 2 years to renew it.
6.) You may operate your station as soon as the FCC’s database shows that you have been granted an amateur primary license.
The F.C.C. authorizes a Technician with No Morse Code Licensee to operate on authorized frequency segments (or bands) above 30 MHz. This region is called VHF and UHF for Very High Frequency and Ultra High Frequency. Much of the activity here is local to your area. These bands are fun and you will meet many people here.
The VHF and UHF bands are labeled by wavelength not frequency. If you are talking about a segment of frequencies it would not be wise to say: “I bought a radio that works on the 50.0 to 54.0 MHz Band.” It is much easier to tell your friend that your radio works on the 6M VHF band. The number “6” for Six Meters stands for the wavelength of the radio wave in the 50 MHz region.
The Technician No Code Amateur Bands
50.0MHz_____________________54.0MHz 6 Meter Band VHF
144.0MHz___________________148.0MHz 2 Meter Band VHF
222.0MHz___________________225.0MHz 1.25 Meter Band VHF
420.0MHz___________________450.0MHz 70 centimeter Band UHF
902MHz_______________________928MHz 33 centimeter Band UHF
1240MHz______________________1300MHz 23 centimeter Band UHF
2300~2310MHz___________2390~2450MHz 13 centimeter Band UHF **
** Note: The 13cm band above is split into two segments.
One piece is from 2300 to 2310 Megahertz and the other segment is from 2390 to 2450 MegaHertz
The Technician with Morse Code HF Amateur Bands
3675kHz_____________________3750kHz 80 Meter Band HF
7.1MHz______________________7.150MHz 40 Meter Band HF
21.100MHz__________________21.200MHz 15 Meter Band HF
28.100MHz__________________28.500MHz 10 Meter Band HF
The High Frequency Privileges
If you are a Tech who has not passed his 5-wpm Morse Code Exam, you will not have any HF Privileges, but you will still be required to know and understand the HF bands and the specific rules. Do not skip learning the HF frequency limits even if you never will be upgrading your license to a Tech. + Morse Code. You will be asked to know the frequencies of the HF bands on your Technician Class exam.